Ayurveda is the science of Life, or of Daily Living. It dates back thousands of years and originated in the Indus Valley among one of the world's oldest civilizations. This civilization, located roughly in what is now North West India, documented their scientific and cultural approach to wellness in the Four Vedas.
The Five Elements
The science of Ayurveda considers our world to be composed of five basic elements. These are air, earth, ether, fire, and water. Ayurveda holds that the balancing of these elements is the key to our health, and plays a tremendous role in fighting disease. The "natural balance" that Ayurveda describes was initially sought by a group of sages who moved into the foothills of the Himalayan mountains to meditate on the secrets of life. These same sages returned to their homes and spread the word, and their collected knowledge was then passed down for many generations, all the way to the modern day.
Food as Medicine
One key tenet of Ayurveda is that food is thought of as medicine and, rather than closely controlling merely WHAT we eat, we must also be mindful in the way we eat food, how we cook and preserve, and how we present it. It is the combination of these factors that make food nourishing. For many years, such notions would have been considered quite odd, as a culture of mass media and convenience took hold in most of the Western world. More recently, however, a movement toward pure food has taken root, and it is interesting to note the incredible similarities between more advanced modern nutritional thinking and the millennia-old science and practice of Ayurveda.
To Each Her Own
An even more interesting aspect of Ayurveda is the notion that each individual has a particular temperament or way of being that matches the Ayurvedic doshas. The doshas are Vata, Pitta, and Kapha, and these correspond to particular body types and characteristics.
- Vata: this dosha reflects ether and air, and those of this type tend to have sharp minds and a creative personality.
- Pitta: reflects elements of fire and water, and Pittas tend to be determined or strong-willed and possess a healthy appetite.
- Kapha: this dosha reflects water and earth, and these people are steady, strong, calm, and stable.
Pure EnergyThe body is made of seven basic elements, or "Dhatus." These are:
- Rasa (plasma)
- Rakta (blood)
- Mamsa (muscle)
- Meda (fat)
- Asthi (bone)
- Majja (marrow)
- Shukra (nerves)
Ayurveda also holds that channels are responsible for moving energy throughout the body. These are not to be confused with arteries, veins, or nerves. Blockage of these channels is a cause of disease, and thus a balance of energy throughout the body is important for health.